How children grow and develop depends on various factors, including internal ones like genetics and external ones like the socioeconomic status of their families. Also, children grow at vastly different rates. Still, questions about normal growth and development are some of the most common concerns we hear from parents.
It’s perfectly reasonable to worry about short kids or to want taller kids. When your child seems to be growing at the same pace as his peers, it assures you that he is healthy and growing at an average rate. When a child appears to be shorter than his friends, parents may worry about his health and the child’s self-esteem may be affected.
If your doctor finds that your child’s short stature is the result of a medical condition such as human growth hormone deficiency or insufficiency, she may recommend human growth hormone injections. Human growth hormone therapy helps children with short stature develop standard height as adults.
Read on for more about human growth hormone and how to make kids taller.
What affects children’s growth?
A child’s growth and eventual adult height rely on different factors, including heredity, sex, environment, health, nutrition, exercise, socioeconomic status, geographical influence, and hormones.
Final adult height may be determined by the heights of the mother and the father. Chronic illnesses can delay growth, as can poor nutrition and metabolic disorders. A deficiency in thyroid and growth hormones can also slow growth.
For a child to grow, the brain releases human growth hormone during sleep. If the body does not produce enough human growth hormone, the child’s growth may stop or slow, resulting in short stature.
What height conditions require human growth hormone?
Human growth hormone therapy has been used since the 1980s to treat patients with lack of growth, slow growth, and muscle wasting. These conditions may result from human growth hormone deficiency or medical causes like HIV and/or AIDS, muscle wasting disease, short bowel syndrome, and chronic kidney disease.
Children are given human growth hormone therapy for short stature and poor growth resulting from human growth hormone deficiency or because they were born small for gestational age.
Some patients are given human growth hormone injections during childhood to remedy stunted growth resulting from Turner syndrome, a genetic disorder that causes short stature and delayed development in girls, or Prader-Willi syndrome, a genetic disorder that causes reduced levels of sex hormones, low muscle tone, muscle weakness, and slow development.
How can human growth hormone help your child?
Doctors prescribe human growth hormone for height conditions in childhood so that patients can reach their full growth potential. It is generally given to those who have been diagnosed with human growth hormone deficiency and other medical issues that affect growth and development. Before treatment begins, patients may have to undergo specific medical tests, which may include x-rays, blood tests, and stimulation tests.
Human growth hormone therapy is safe, effective, and has few known side effects. The human growth hormone used in treatment is bio-identical to the natural growth hormone produced and released by the human body.
Human growth hormone is usually administered through subcutaneous injections. They may be given through a syringe or via a special injection pen.
The injections go into the fatty tissue under the surface of the skin and are shallow, which means they don’t hurt much. A doctor will administer the first injection and teach you how to do it at home so you can do the rest yourself. Human growth hormone therapy can take several months or years.
Studies have found that being tall has proven social advantages. If you want to learn more about how human growth hormone therapy can help your child, find out more here.